Scientists are working on the Archimedes Palimpsest digitally produced 700 years old Vaishnava palm-leaf manuscript again with modern imaging technologies. The project, led by PR Mukund and Roger L. Easton Jr., professors Rochester Institute of Technology in Rochester, New York, are digitally preserve the original writings known scientists Sarvamoola-granthas teachers attribute Sripad Madhvacharya (1238- 1317). The collection of 36 works contains his comments on the Sanskrit scriptures and conveys an exposition of his philosophical system (in people Dvaita Vedanta, known for his output from the previous system Sripad Sankaracharya Advaita Vedanta stress).
The document is difficult to handle and read the result of centuries of inappropriate storage techniques, preservation efforts failed and degradation due to improper handling. Each leaf of the manuscript is 26 inches long and two inches wide (66 cm x 5 cm) and tied together with a cord threaded through twisted two holes. Heavy wooden covers sandwich the 340 palm leaves, cracked and chipped at the edges. Time and misapplication of oil have aged palm leaves dark brown, obscuring the Sanskrit writings.
It is literally crumbling to dust, says Mukund, the Gleason Professor of Electrical Engineering of the RIT. After Mukund, 15 percent of the manuscript is not found. The book was never opened again, unless there is a compelling reason to do so, Mukund says, because every time they do, they lose. Then there is no need to open the book.
Mukund became involved in the project as his spiritual teacher in India, the problem of knowledge is expressed and asked him to find a solution. This has been studied for Mukund a personal goal, the Sanatana Dharma and taught and understood for the importance of the document for future researchers. The accuracy of existing printed copies Sarvamoola-granthas is unknown.
Mukund sought the expertise of RIT colleague Easton, the Dead Sea Scrolls was ready, and is currently working on the Archimedes Palimpsest. Easton, Chester F. Carlson Professor of Imaging Science Center RIT brought Keith Knox, principal investigator for imaging at Boeing LTS, as a consultant. Mukund added Ajay Pasupuleti, a doctoral student in microsystems at RIT, and the team was formed.
The scientists traveled to India in December 2005 in a monastery in Udupi Matha as India is stored to evaluate the document. Supported by a grant from RIT, the team at the monastery in June and spent six days imaging the document of a scientific digital camera and an infrared filter to enhance the contrast between the ink sheet and palm oil. Images of each palm leaf, back and front, were captured in eight to ten sections, then processed and digitally stitched together.
“The picture is very simple,” said Easton. The leaves, or what remained of it, was placed on a movable table. As Assemblyman, Pasupuleti spent hours a day. Stitch also has the table a short distance, take a picture and then repeat the process each image a square of two inches (5 cm x 5 cm) summer leaf covers over 7900 digital output images. – Supervised work largely by Knox, several image processing algorithms using Adobe Photoshop and custom software Knox.
This is a very important application of the same types of tools that we have used in the Archimedes Palimpsest, Easton said. Not coincidentally, it was also one of the best projects in my career, since the results are of great interest to many people in India will be.
The images processed Sarvamoola-granthas be stored in a variety of media formats, including electronic media published books and on silicon wafers for long-term archiving. Etching writings on silicon wafers was the idea of Mukund Pasupuleti students. This process, called aluminum metallization for providing an image on a wafer through a negative of the image and to transmit the deposition of metal on the silicon surface. Pasupuleti After each wafer can contain the image of three leaves. More will be needed to store the entire manuscript hundreds of these units. As File, silicon wafers are both durable fire and water resistant, and can be read with a magnifying glass.
Mukund and Pasupuleti return in late November to India to give printed and electronic versions, the monastery in Udupi in a public ceremony in Bangalore, the largest city in the region of Karnataka Sarvamoola-granthas city. We think we were fortunate to have the opportunity to do so, Mukund said. It was a fantastic and profoundly spiritual experience, and all came off clean.
Based on the success of this project financing image Mukund other sampradaya Vaishnava manuscripts Dvaita-in Udupi region written since the time of Sripad Madhvacharya sought. the existence of approximately 800 palm leaf manuscripts, some of which are in private collections is calculated.
Each palm leaf manuscript of the sacred, the Sarvamoola-granthas been detected in several sections, processed and digitally stitched together. The blurred image showing the state of an original sheet of text, sewn together, but it’s not. The sharper image shows a stitched and processed page after images modern technologies are applied. Images were taken by Roger Easton, from Rochester Institute of Technology, and Keith Knox, Boeing LTS a Sensys scientific digital camera and an infrared filter device.
Web site not penny auction with furniture, appliances, electronic equipment
auction website online for new, used and consignment furniture – not a ridiculous face Penny!
With current technology, to find deals is now easier than ever on the Internet. Find everything you need to be easy from furniture to electronics and household items can even cars, but to get the best deal it can not be! The problem is compounded by garbage surveys to know the site is trusted, and where you can get get loads ads repeatedly without spam or bombed. Let’s face the fact that the economy is not the best it has been in recent years. Money is tight for everyone, but still want your home to improve the quality of life with new furniture.
Online auctions are the best place to find great deals on quality products. If you are a super bargain at or near Tucson Arizona recently launched its online auctions for new, used and consigned furniture. Super bargain has developed an auction to sell easy to use website, which is free and has the best deals on furniture, you will find there! Forget drive memory to store in search of a coffee table, a chair for your living room, bed frames, cabinets, drawers, etc. Join Special Offers and start to offer this product now! The auction site has recently been launched, so that competition is limited, which means it will mark many new furniture for your home. Our warehouse is full of many household items that settle on a weekly basis. We are constantly adding new products and appropriate furniture in many different items for your home are diversifying.
In addition to our auctions, we have incredible deals on new furniture! Super bargain offers wholesale prices to the public especially our inventory. Not only do we get new furniture, but also scratch and dent items for almost 50% of retail. Also personalized one-of-a-kind furniture built next door at our sister store furniture creations. You need furniture designed from scratch? We can also do it!
Register now to access our website (link to our information) to our online auctions. If you are in the system, you receive an email to confirm your subscription to receive. Then you will be able to access and make an offer. Your data will not be disclosed to third parties! Super bargain lets you know when you finish our auctions once a week for your convenience. We ship to the lower 48 states! Store products Tucson, South Tucson, Phoenix, Casa Grande, Sierra Vista or the environment in Arizona. The local government has an additional cost, but a limited delivery area (please contact us have their furniture creations 520-623-7177 for more information or questions – ask Russ). If you are outside of our delivery area and register to bid, it is your responsibility to pay all shipping and handling. Please contact us with any questions about terms of online auctions, our inventory Super-appears on the bargains or queries / general questions site.
We expect to see us bidding soon!